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Information has been taken from the Italian Ministry of Health website:
www.salute.gov.it and the NHS travel web page: http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/travelhealth/Pages/SunsafetyQA.aspx
Last updated July 2015
In case of Emergency:
If you feel suddenly unwell and have any of the serious symptoms listed (such as with Heat Stroke), call "Emergenza sanitaria" telephone: 118, or 1500 which is a dedicated helpline for heat-related issues.
You can phone tel. 118 even if you have no money on your cell phone or are in an area of poor network reception.
DELICATE SKIN AT THE BEACH
WHAT TO DO IF YOU FEEL ILL
If you are delirious, very confused or very weak you should seek medical help or get yourself to A&E at the hospital.
If you have any of the symptoms listed below which do not resolve themselves with basic treatment within an hour or so, or which get worse, you must get to hospital or see a medical professional. Symptoms can be treated if dealt with promptly but in certain cases medical assistance is wiser.
CONGESTION - this happens when a person drinks something ice-cold in a body which is very hot, and can happen either during or following a meal. Excessive blood flow to the abdomen can slow down or block the digestive process.
What to do:
DEHYDRATION - this happens when a person loses more water than they take in. Normal daily intake should be 1.5 - 2 litres. When too much liquid is lost, as with high temperature or profuse sweating; when too much liquid is lost as with fever, vomiting and diarrhea; when a person doesn't feel thirsty so they forget to drink enough (esp. young children and the elderly); in cases where prescribed medicines increase water loss through elimination of urine, or for example where diuretics or laxatives are used.
What to do:
HEAT EXHAUSTION & HEAT STROKE - heat stroke can occur when one is exposed to high temperature for too long together with elevated humidity and reduction or absence of ventilation, in which the organism is no longer able to adapt to the ambiance and the body's thermostat can no longer regulate correctly. This can happen indoors as well as outdoors even when not in direct sunlight.
What to do: advisable to seek medical advice or get to hospital.
INSULATION - occurs with prolonged exposure to the rays of the sun. Serious but rare.
SUN-STROKE - a form of Heat Stroke occurring on direct exposure to the sun's rays, provoking raised body temperature. Unlike Heat Stroke though, the skin sweats because the person's body thermostat is still able to cope. Sun Stroke is often accompanied by sunburn so use a soothing cooling gel / cream on any burnt areas. With severe sunburn or blistering seek medical advice.
Little Dictionary of medical terms translated into Italian:
Pronunciation guide in brackets....
Disclaimer: Laran Tours of Lazio accepts no responsibility for illness, misadventure or death arising from actions taken as a result of reading this document. The information in this document is taken from the NHS CHOICES website and the www.salute.gov.it website and is meant only as a source of information and guidance. It is in no way meant to be taken as medical instruction or diagnosis. You should not rely on material here above and it is up to you to contact a health professional if you are concerned about your health.